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Non-Infectious Complications of PD

Instillation of fluid into the peritoneal cavity can result in unique complications unrelated to infections.  These complications are mostly associated with the increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) generated by PDF (see Exchange Volume and Position) or by the presence of a peritoneal catheter. 

 

Complications associated with increased IAP include:

 

Herniae

Genital and Anterior Abdominal Wall Edema

Hydrothorax

Low Back Pain

Gastro-esophageal Reflux (GERD)

Respiratory Complications

Other Complications Associated with Increased Intra-abdominal Pressure

 

Other complications:

 

Gastrointestinal complications

Hemoperitoneum

Chyloperitoneum

Infusion Pain

Electrolyte Abnormalities

Acid-Base Abnormalities

Ultrafiltration Failure

Peritoneal Sclerosis

 

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